It is necessary for Indian people to incorporate extra amount of proteins in their routine diet as the vegetarian diet alone is not competent enough to meet the protein requirement of the body. The Indian Dietician Association (IDA) has reiterated the fact that Indian diet lacks 50% adequate protein pattern. Protein Foods Nutrition Development Association of India (PFNDAI) has backed the facts initially revealed by IDA.
For expecting mothers, the issue can be more serious
According to the experts, for expecting mothers, the issue can be a matter of serious concern as they do not get optimal protein intake with the exclusively vegetarian diet without adding milk to it. While speaking at the launch of "The Protein Week", an initiative aiming to educate people against the myths and realities of proteins, a pathologist B. Sesikeran, said "Proteins from different sources complement each other. Even with a ratio of 5:1 cereals and pulses combination, the protein quality in terms of digestibility and bio-availability is only around 65 per cent when compared to milk protein."
Indians lack awareness about good quality sources of protein
"Indians lack awareness about good quality sources of protein. Protein requirement in the second growth spurt during pregnancy is twice of a toddler's and this requirement is heightened by almost 20 gm per day in the third trimester compared to an adult woman" opined experts. Neelanjana Singh, President of IDA, Delhi Chapter, said: "Quality-based protein is as important as quality of protein taken. For effective utilisation of protein, it is necessary to also include adequate calories in one's diet."