India stands just next to Africa in the death of heart failure patients within one year of diagnosis and when in Africa. the rate stands at 34 per cent, in India 23 per cent of heart failure patients die within one year of diagnosis said a study. The International Congestive Heart Failure (INTER-CHF) study is the first comprehensive study on heart failures was conducted across six geographies globally.
Of the total deaths, 46 per cent were due to cardiac issues
The study findings say, of the total deaths, 46 per cent were due to cardiac issues, while 16 per cent deaths were due to non-cardiac causes. The study said that in Southeast Asia the death rate of patients due to heart failures is is 15 per cent, while in China it is nearly half of it, at seven per cent. In both - South America and West Asia - the figure stands at nine per cent which are significantly lower than in Indian patients. “In India, heart-related diseases occur a decade early than the people of west. Lack of awareness, out of pocket expenditure and lack of infrastructure are corroborating to the heart-related diseases,” said Sundeep Mishra, Professor of Cardiology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
The incidence of heart failure is increasing in an epidemic proportion
In the study, aiming at measuring heart patients' mortality in one year covered India, Africa, China, the Middle East, South East Asia and South America. Across six geographies, 5,823 patients across 108 centres were enrolled. The male female ration of the participants was 60:40, with an average age of 59 years. The patients were followed up at six months and one year following enrolment. According to Mishra, "The incidence of heart failure is increasing in an epidemic proportion with increasing life expectancy. The marked variation in mortality in low-income countries like India can be attributed also to the quality and access to primary healthcare facilities, he added.